I think the costs will far outweigh the benefits stakeholders will derive from such analysis. Under GAAP, the standard regarding going concern is defined under AU Section 341. The standard specifies guidelines that an auditor must follow to determine whether a company can be considered a going concern or not.

  • Under GAAP, however, businesses can use either LIFO or FIFO, or first-in, first-out method to estimate inventory.
  • On the other hand, over 110 countries follow International Financial Reporting Standard and, thus, have a global appeal.
  • Receive timely updates on accounting and financial reporting topics from KPMG.
  • GAAP also requires a lot of overall detail in the accounts, whereas the IFRS covers much less.
  • Today, approximately 113 countries require or allow the use of IFRS for the preparation of financial statements by publicly held companies.
  • With this approach, businesses can leverage depreciation on their fixed assets.

Accounting standards and guidelines for best practices differ by region and may be company-specific. Although the arguments from both sides of the issue are compelling, plans are already in place for convergence of the standards by 2015. “Since the change from US GAAP to IFRS is inevitable, companies need to focus on developing an action plan, as well as, a clearly defined plan for their future as IFRS users.

Gaap Vs Ifrs: Differences

This can allow them to delay declare any revenue in this period of time, which is specific to infrastructure companies, in which they are adding value. IFRSs – With respect to revenue recognition, the IFRS framework is general in nature in its requirements, if compared to the GAAP. IFRS, on the other hand, is governed by four general interpretations and two primary standards.

US GAAP requires that all R&D is expensed, with specific exceptions for capitalized software costs and motion picture development. While IFRS also expenses research costs, IFRS allows the capitalization of development costs as long as certain criteria are met. Deloitte refers to one or more of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited, a UK private company limited by guarantee (“DTTL”), its network of member firms, and their related entities. DTTL and each of its member firms are legally separate and independent entities. DTTL (also referred to as “Deloitte Global”) does not provide services to clients.

Gaap Vs Ifrs: What Are The Key Differences And Which Should You Use?

In addition, research and development costs are generally expensed as incurred under US GAAP, but these expenditures are allowed to be capitalized under IFRS if certain criteria are met. A key difference between the two sets of standards is the US GAAP has a more rules-based approach, and IFRS leans towards a more GAAP vs IFRS principles-based approach. Under US GAAP there are specific standards that have been issued for each industry that a company operates in. However, IFRS guidelines are broader, which requires greater judgment and interpretation. Described below are some of the most notable differences between the two standards.

Using the LIFO method may result in artificially low net income and may not reflect the actual flow of inventory items through a company. Accounting principles are the rules and guidelines that companies must follow when reporting financial data.

They believe that both GAAP and IFRS should focus on improving their own standards rather than worrying about convergence. Further, both GAAP and IFRS differ in methodology for the treatment of accounting items.

Financial reporting tends to provide and facilitate comparison between companies allowing both cross-sectional and also time series analysis. Issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board , GAAP is a set of principles that companies based in the United States need to adhere to when preparing their financial statements. The important difference from this change, that companies with leases may see a material increase in non-current assets and the corresponding debt obligations on their balance sheets, is relevant for both US GAAP and IFRS.

Can I Use Cash Basis For Expenses & Accrual For Revenue In My Small Business?

The IFRS Foundation works with more than a dozen consultative bodies, representing the many different stakeholder groups that are impacted by financial reporting. GAAP prefers using the LIFO as an inventory method for estimating inventory.

  • The growing acceptance of International Financial Reporting Standards as a basis for U.S. financial reporting represents a fundamental change for the U.S. accounting profession.
  • International Accounting Standards emerged as the world economy grew more and more interdependent.
  • Investopedia requires writers to use primary sources to support their work.
  • Objectives of financial statements In general, broad focus to provide relevant info to a wide range of stakeholders.
  • A major distinction between the GAAP and IFRS is and how they affect the accounting processes.
  • The last-in, first-out method for accounting for inventory costs is not allowed.

Currently, the majority of countries in the world follow IFRS guidelines; however, the United States still uses GAAP. This topic has become a main topic of discussion as there is a plan for convergence between the two frameworks in the near future. US GAAP requires that fixed assets such as buildings, equipment, and furniture be recorded at historical cost and then depreciated periodically based on the assets’ useful life.

Gaap Vs Ifrs

GAAP is a common set of generally accepted accounting principles, standards, and procedures that public companies in the U.S. must follow when they compile their financial statements. Both FASB and IASB have been working together to eliminate the differences between the two accounting standards and for the universal adoption of IFRS. As of now there are many differences between the two standards. One of the differences between IFRS and GAAP is about Going Concern. In both the standards, the concept of Going Concern is crucial for preparing financial statements. When we prepare financial statements we assume that the company is a growing concern and will continue to be in operation after the current year. If Going Concern assumption was not there we would treat our business and accounts such that the business will cease to exist which will completely alter our view of the financial statements.


With this approach, businesses can leverage depreciation on their fixed assets. With GAAP, however, the development costs have to be expensed the year they occur, and cannot be capitalized. The other key differences between these standards pertain to the treatment of inventory and recognition of intangible assets. The following discussion highlights specific differences between the two sets of standards that may be useful to users of financial statements. Presenting financial results that comply with generally accepted accounting principles, International Financial Reporting Standards and possibly even a third or fourth set of standards can be challenging for companies.

Gaap Vs Ifrsdifferences You Need To Know Between The Two!

This is at a broad, framework level; differences in accounting treatments for individual cases may also be added as this gets updated. IFRS includes the distinct category of investment property, which is defined as property held for rental income or capital appreciation. Investment property is initially measured at cost, and can be subsequently revalued to market value. When an asset experiences a reduction in value due to market or technological factors—which in turn, causes it to fall below its current value in a company’s account—it’s classified as a loss on impairment. While impairment is often permanent, an asset’s value can increase after this loss has been recognized if the elements that caused it no longer exist.


“Additionally, if a company has foreign operations, adapting IFRS would give them more internal consistency. They would be able to make their financial reports uniform which can reduce costs because all reporting will be done the same way. This will allow them to streamline their operations, reporting standards, auditing, training, development and company standards.

Explanation Of The Dual Method Of Accounting

Basically, and company operating in the US needs to report its accounts in the U.S. The SEC has stated that it does intend to shift to the IFRS from the GAAP, so as to be on part with the world. However, progress has been slow and uncertain as the IFRS differ significantly from the GAAP. The Canadian Generally Accepted Accounting Principles were a set of standards, guidelines, and procedures dealing with accounting. It was designed to make Canada’s financial sector more unified. One major difference between GAAP vs. IFRS is the inventory write-down reversal treatment. Under GAAP, if the market value of an asset increases, the company can’t reverse the amount of write-down.

For now, the remaining projects under the Memorandum of Understanding have been deferred, and there are no current projects on which the boards are working together toward converged solutions. IFRS shows how companies should prepare and disclose their financial statements and serves to provide a worldwide framework but does not dictate how the reporting should be done specifically.

The framework is adopted by publicly traded companies and a maximum number of private companies in the United States. There are many similarities in preparing financial statements under GAAP and IFRS.

Under GAAP, however, businesses can use either LIFO or FIFO, or first-in, first-out method to estimate inventory. Income statements are also a bit different under the two sets of standards. Under IFRS, entities can classify expenses either by function or nature . If a functional classification is chosen, then at the very least, allocations must be made to present selling expenses separately.

This makes it easier for the organization and the stakeholders to understand and compare the financial statements. Capitalized CostsCapitalization cost is an expense to acquire an asset that the company will use for their business; such costs are recorded in the company’s balance sheet at the year-end. These costs are not deducted from the revenue but are depreciated or amortized over time. Firstly, there’s a clear difference in terms of methodology. Essentially, this means that GAAP is far stricter than IFRS, offering specific rules and procedures that leave little room for interpretation. By contrast, IFRS provides general guidelines that companies are encouraged to interpret to the best of their ability.

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